With Open Educational Resources, teachers can both share knowledge globally so that it can be re-purposed and also access ready-made resources for use in their own teaching. Follow the link to learn more about how to access and re-use OERs.
Re-using and Re-purposing OERs
Open educational resources are digital resources used in the context of teaching and learning that have been released under an open licence permitting their use and re-purposing by others.
The real value of open educational resources is that they can be adapted, customised, and re-contextualised to meet the specific needs of learners. This might involve translating a resource, changing examples to a local context, using only part of a resource, or combining a resource with other materials. There are many different ways you can re-use and re-purpose OERs. However, it is important that you comply with the licence restrictions of any open educational resources you use, as outlined below.
In order to use a Creative Commons licensed open educational resource you must provide attribution to the creator. Good attribution includes the following information:
Title: The title of the resource.
Creator: The name of the creator or copyright holder of the resource.
Licence: The licence of the resource.
Source: A link to the original source of the resource.
Creative Commons licence restrictions
Some restrictions to be aware of when using open educational resources
You must always Attribute the creator of a resource.
NonCommercial licences restrict the use of a work to non-commercial use only. When using NC licensed content you should consider how the work will be used, not the nature of the organisation using it. For example, commercial organisations can legitimately use NC licensed content for not for profit purposes.
You must not make any changes to works licensed No Derivatives. This includes, but is not limited to, adding subtitles, making translations or cropping images. This means that while CC BY-ND resources can be re-used, they can not be adapted, edited, or re-purposed.
You must share derivatives of ShareAlike licensed works under the same licence.
Using Public Domain resources
If you are using a public domain resource, you do not need to provide attribution, however it is useful to mark it as a public domain resource and include a link to the original source so other users will know that they can also re-use it.
Where to find OERs
There are many different repositories and websites where you can easily find open education resources.
Open repositories allow anyone to upload and download learning resources, often in multiple formats, for reuse and remixing. Theses repositories provide a wide variety of open educational resources, which are often accompanied by information about educational levels, aims and objective, and how resources can be used.
Specialised Content Sites
Additionally there are many generic online services that host specific media formats. Some you may be familiar with include Flickr, Soundcloud, and YouTube. Most of these sites provide advanced search functionality to enable you to find Creative Commons licensed resources that can be used in education.
Finding OERs using search services
There are a number of search services that allow you quickly and easily find a wide range of open educational resources and open licensed content.
Google allows you to filter your search results in order to find Creative Commons licensed images.
To do this, go to Google Image search https://www.google.co.uk/imghp and enter your search term. Click the Tools option to bring up an additional menu bar that enables you to filter your search results by size, colour, usage rights, type and time.
Select ‘Usage rights’ to choose from a drop down menu with the following options:
- Not filtered by license
- Labeled for reuse with modification
- Labeled for reuse
- Labelled for noncommercial reuse with modification
- Labeled for non-commercial reuse
Selecting “Labeled for reuse” will return all Creative Commons licensed images.
Note: Before reusing content, check the licence details on the source page and check the exact terms of reuse. For example, the licence might require that you give credit to the image creator when you use the image or have additional requests that Google is unable to pick up in a general search.
Reverse Image Search
You can use the Google Chrome browser to search for the source of an image. Right click the image and select “Search Google for image”. This should help you to find the original source of an image and any associated licence information.
Creative Commons Search
Creative Commons have their own CC Search service that allows you to search for open licensed and public domain images from a wide range of sources including Wikimedia Commons, Flickr, Smithsonian, Europeana, NASA, Rijksmuseum and more.
The service provides attribution and licence information to copy and share in three different formats.
There is also a CC Search browser extension for Chrome, Firefox and Opera which allows you to search for and filter CC licensed content.
Europeana allows you to cross search thousands of European archives, libraries and museums to find cultural heritage content of all kinds. Europeana’s advanced search facility has a number of filters including “Can I use this?” which enables you to find public domain and open licensed content.
REFERENCES + LICENSES: The text “How to use OERs” by the Interactive Content Team, The University of Edinburgh, via https://open.ed.ac.uk/how-to-guides/how-to-use-oers/, is licensed under CC BY 4.0, shortened by SEA-EU.
The text “Where to find OERs” by the Interactive Content Team, The University of Edinburgh, via https://open.ed.ac.uk/how-to-guides/where-to-find-oers-2/, is licensed under CC BY 4.0, shortened by SEA-EU.
The text “Finding OERs using search devices” by the Interactive Content Team, The University of Edinburgh, via https://open.ed.ac.uk/how-to-guides/finding-oers-using-search-services/, is licensed under CC BY 4.0, shortened by SEA-EU.